This grape variety is also known as Shiraz. It is the fourth most planted black grape variety in the world, it is native to the Northern Rhône Valley (North) before spreading to the Southern Rhône (South), Provence and Languedoc Roussillon where it is used in the composition of red wines, most often blended with other grape varieties of the region. The red wines of the Northern Rhône Valley are 100% Syrah, as in the vineyards of the New World where the cuvées are made from a single grape variety (except in Australia). It also plays a role in the blending of rose wines from the South of France. This noble grape variety is one of the oldest vine varieties.