Originally from the Rioja region in Spain, this grape variety has also found favoured terroirs at other latitudes in the warm climate of the so-called "New World" wine-growing countries. It is appreciated for its astonishing richness, even in the most arid conditions. Known as "le petit précoce", or 'the little precocious', the early bird, because it ripens early, it offers the most famous Spanish wines. It is also the country's predominant grape variety. They are labelled as follows: Joven (aged or not in barrels), Crianza (24 months, including 6 months in barrels), Reserva (3 years, including 1 year in barrels) and Gran Reserva (60 months, including 48 months in barrels). The older the wine, the more powerful and structured it is, usually with a high alcohol content. These are quality wines, fruity, very pleasant in the mouth. Also called Touriga Rioriz in Portugal, it is one of the main grape varieties used in the composition of red Port wines.