Originally from the Rioja region in Spain, this grape variety has also found favoured terroirs at other latitudes in the warm climate of the New World wine-growing countries. It is appreciated for its astonishing richness, even in the most arid conditions. Tempranillo variety ripens early and is Spain's premier black grape variety. In Rioja it is often blended with Garnacha (Grenache) and Mazuelo (Carignan). The wines are labelled in Rioja as follows: Joven (fruity style, no barrel ageing), Crianza (24 months, including 12 months in barrels), Reserva (36 months, including 12 months in barrels) and Gran Reserva (60 months, including 24 months in barrels). The longer the wine has been aged, the more powerful and structured it is, usually with a high alcohol content. These are quality wines, very pleasant in the mouth. Also called Tinta Roriz in Portugal, it is one of the main grape varieties used in the composition of red Port wines.